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Why to eat an avocado: nutrition and benefits

Anna Shi
10 марта 2020

Avocado is an evergreen tree that grows only in hot climates, with pear-shaped fruits with a large bone inside. The benefits of avocado pulp for men, women and children due to the high content of nutrients in it are well learned so far. The fruit can reach 2 kg. All parts of the plant, except for the pulp of the fruit, are poisonous, including bone and peel.

It is biologically considered a fruit, but it is often mistakenly attributed to vegetables for unusual nutritional value and taste, more characteristic of vegetables. For their energy intensity in 1998, avocados were listed in the Guinness World Records. Avocado sometimes called as the "alligator pear" for its shape and tuberous green skin, similar to the skin of a crocodile.

bush

The plant was cultivated already in the third millennium BC by the Aztecs, who called it "forest oil" and used in traditional medicine to treat scabies, and also as the first feeding of children.

The benefits of avocado

Only the pulp of the fruit, which contains a large amount of vitamins (groups B, E, A, C, K, folic acid), minerals (calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, sodium, copper, iodine, magnesium and many others), is eatable. Despite the high calorie content (100 g 212 kcal), avocados contribute to weight loss due to easily digestible monounsaturated fats. In addition, the fruit does not contain cholesterol.

Nutritionists recommend this product to people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract and for general improvement of the state of the body.

Manoheptulose, which is found in avocados, has a positive effect on the nervous system condition, reducing the feeling of fatigue and drowsiness. In the future, scientists plan to use this substance as a "starvation pill" without reducing the real diet, since mannoheptulose reduces the secretion of enzymes necessary for the absorption of glucose. Thus, cells receive less energy with the same amount of nutrition. The positive effect of a slight starvation of cells was revealed during experiments on mice and monkeys back in the thirties of the last century - the experimental subjects lived much longer than their counterparts.

pulp

Harm of Avocado

Do not forget about the toxicity of the peel and bone! The pulp contains a lot of fat. Due to the specific composition, avocados can lead to allergic reaction, so this fruit should be introduced into the diet gradually.

Be careful to use avocado as a food for nursing mothers and as a complementary food to the baby, as this can cause diarrhea. People with acute liver disease should be excluded from the diet of avocado, as other fatty foods. Occasionally, individual intolerance to the product and allergies are observed — in this case, it is better not to eat an avocado.

The usage in medicine

Avocados are a part of many diets, because eliminating fats from food is extremely harmful. The fruit contains a lot of fats, L - carnitine, which speeds up metabolism and helps to "burn" excess weight.

This fruit is especially useful for people suffering from gastrointestinal diseases and with a tendency to constipation, half an avocado contains 7 grams of fiber, which is almost 30% of the daily value. Thanks to dietary fiber, the state of the intestine improves, because they serve as a breeding ground for beneficial bacteria.

The lack of cholesterol in avocado and the high content of monounsaturated fatty acids, helps to reduce total cholesterol and glucose. Periodic consumption of a small amount of avocado is useful for people with diseases of the cardiovascular system and diabetes. Avocado is also used in cosmetology because of the high concentration of fats and vitamins A and E. Facial oily masks or mashed pulp, which have moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, healing properties and smooth wrinkles. Masks are also applied to the hair to moisturize dry and brittle hair. Avocado oil is a part of creams and balms.

How to choose and store avocado

It is worth taking the fruit with an intact dark green peel. Unripe green and hard avocados are usually shipped to

European countries, while the ripe fruit has a very dark, almost brown peel and soft flesh. But if the avocado is pushed too easily, it means that the fruit is overripe and should not be taken.

Green avocado should be kept in the refrigerator. To make it ripe will help the neighborhood with other fruits (bananas, apples) at room temperature for several days.

half

Super food

The pulp of avocado is most often eaten fresh. Avocado used in cosmetology and as a useful and healthy substitute for sunflower, olive and other oils.
The soft pulp is taken out with a spoon, cutting the fruit along and taking out the bone. Avocado is suited for preparation of salads, appetizers, soups, or simply spread on bread like puree. Avocado is suited for smoothies! And if you add the gentle pulp, it will sparkle with unusual tasty tones. The pulp of this fruit goes well with cucumber, kiwi, lettuce and herbs, green buckwheat, quinoa and other ingredients donated to us by nature itself.

How do you think, can you determine an apple as a superfood as well?

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